The earliest domestic introduction of artificial turf in the late 1980s was not widespread until the late 1990s. Together with the plastic track, it became the standard mode of construction for school sports venues, replacing a large number of sports venues where natural lawns were originally planted. Although the application range of artificial turf has been limited to a certain extent due to the reasons of sports safety, site characteristics and public cognition, with the development of science and technology, the production technology of artificial turf has been continuously innovated and improved. The sixth-generation artificial turf made from open-net monofilament filaments today is closer to natural lawns for sports performance such as shock absorption ratio, ball bouncing roll, steering values and more, and is even more advantageous in certain properties. In sports safety performance, a new generation of artificial grass fiber in the surface coating, polymer raw material improvements have been able to effectively reduce the skin scratch and foot contusion and other sports injuries. Artificial turf and natural lawn their respective advantages are relatively prominent, deficiencies and shortcomings are also objective existence, the choice of use must be based on the actual situation to be considered.